International Building Code Section 109


International Building Code 109.1

General. Construction or work for which a permit is
required shall be subject to inspection by the building official
and such construction or work shall remain accessible and
exposed for inspection purposes until approved. Approval as a
result of an inspection shall not be construed to be an approval
of a violation of the provisions of this code or of other ordinances
of the jurisdiction. Inspections presuming to give
authority to violate or cancel the provisions of this code or of
other ordinances of the jurisdiction shall not be valid. It shall be
the duty of the permit applicant to cause the work to remain
accessible and exposed for inspection purposes. Neither the
building official nor the jurisdiction shall be liable for expense
entailed in the removal or replacement of any material required
to allow inspection.

International Building Code 109.2

Preliminary inspection. Before issuing a permit, the
building official is authorized to examine or cause to be examined
buildings, structures and sites for which an application has
been filed.

International Building Code 109.3

Required inspections. The building official, upon notification,
shall make the inspections set forth in Sections
109.3.1 through 109.3.10.

1 Footing and foundation inspection. Footing and
foundation inspections shall be made after excavations for
footings are complete and any required reinforcing steel is
in place. For concrete foundations, any required forms shall
be in place prior to inspection. Materials for the foundation
shall be on the job, except where concrete is ready mixed in
accordance with ASTM C 94, the concrete need not be on
the job.

Concrete slab and under-floor inspection. Concrete
slab and under-floor inspections shall be made after
in-slab or under-floor reinforcing steel and building service
equipment, conduit, piping accessories and other ancillary
equipment items are in place, but before any concrete is
placed or floor sheathing installed, including the subfloor.

Lowest floor elevation. In flood hazard areas, upon
placement of the lowest floor, including the basement, and
prior to further vertical construction, the elevation certification
required in Section 1612.5 shall be submitted to the
building official.

Frame inspection. Framing inspections shall be
made after the roof deck or sheathing, all framing,
fireblocking and bracing are in place and pipes, chimneys
and vents to be concealed are complete and the rough electrical,
plumbing, heating wires, pipes and ducts are
approved.

Lath and gypsum board inspection. Lath and
gypsum board inspections shall be made after lathing and
gypsum board, interior and exterior, is in place, but before
any plastering is applied or gypsum board joints and fasteners
are taped and finished.
Exception: Gypsum board that is not part of a fire-resistance-
rated assembly or a shear assembly.

Fire-resistant penetrations. Protection of joints
and penetrations in fire-resistance-rated assemblies shall
not be concealed from view until inspected and approved.

Energy efficiency inspections. Inspections shall
be made to determine compliance with Chapter 13 and shall
include, but not be limited to, inspections for: envelope
insulation R andUvalues, fenestrationUvalue, duct system
R value, and HVAC and water-heating equipment efficienc

Other inspections. In addition to the inspections
specified above, the building official is authorized to make
or require other inspections of any construction work to
ascertain compliance with the provisions of this code and
other laws that are enforced by the department of building
safety.

Special inspections. For special inspections, see
Section 1704.

Final inspection. The final inspection shall be
made after all work required by the building permit is completed.

International Building Code 109.3.1

1 Footing and foundation inspection. Footing and
foundation inspections shall be made after excavations for
footings are complete and any required reinforcing steel is
in place. For concrete foundations, any required forms shall
be in place prior to inspection. Materials for the foundation
shall be on the job, except where concrete is ready mixed in
accordance with ASTM C 94, the concrete need not be on
the job.

International Building Code 109.3.10

Final inspection. The final inspection shall be
made after all work required by the building permit is completed.

International Building Code 109.3.2

Concrete slab and under-floor inspection. Concrete
slab and under-floor inspections shall be made after
in-slab or under-floor reinforcing steel and building service
equipment, conduit, piping accessories and other ancillary
equipment items are in place, but before any concrete is
placed or floor sheathing installed, including the subfloor.

International Building Code 109.3.3

Lowest floor elevation. In flood hazard areas, upon
placement of the lowest floor, including the basement, and
prior to further vertical construction, the elevation certification
required in Section 1612.5 shall be submitted to the
building official.

International Building Code 109.3.4

Frame inspection. Framing inspections shall be
made after the roof deck or sheathing, all framing,
fireblocking and bracing are in place and pipes, chimneys
and vents to be concealed are complete and the rough electrical,
plumbing, heating wires, pipes and ducts are
approved.

International Building Code 109.3.5

Lath and gypsum board inspection. Lath and
gypsum board inspections shall be made after lathing and
gypsum board, interior and exterior, is in place, but before
any plastering is applied or gypsum board joints and fasteners
are taped and finished.
Exception: Gypsum board that is not part of a fire-resistance-
rated assembly or a shear assembly.

International Building Code 109.3.6

Fire-resistant penetrations. Protection of joints
and penetrations in fire-resistance-rated assemblies shall
not be concealed from view until inspected and approved.

International Building Code 109.3.7

Energy efficiency inspections. Inspections shall
be made to determine compliance with Chapter 13 and shall
include, but not be limited to, inspections for: envelope
insulation R andUvalues, fenestrationUvalue, duct system
R value, and HVAC and water-heating equipment efficienc

International Building Code 109.3.8

Other inspections. In addition to the inspections
specified above, the building official is authorized to make
or require other inspections of any construction work to
ascertain compliance with the provisions of this code and
other laws that are enforced by the department of building
safety.

International Building Code 109.3.9

Special inspections. For special inspections, see
Section 1704.

International Building Code 109.4

Inspection agencies. The building official is authorized
to accept reports of approved inspection agencies, provided
such agencies satisfy the requirements as to qualifications and
reliability.

International Building Code 109.5

International Building Code 109.6

Inspection requests. It shall be the duty of the holder of
the building permit or their duly authorized agent to notify the
building official when work is ready for inspection. It shall be
the duty of the permit holder to provide access to and means for
inspections of such work that are required by this code.

International Building Code 109.7

Approval required.Work shall not be done beyond the
point indicated in each successive inspection without first
obtaining the approval of the building official. The building
official, upon notification, shall make the requested inspections
and shall either indicate the portion of the construction
that is satisfactory as completed, or notify the permit holder or
his or her agent wherein the same fails to comply with this
code. Any portions that do not comply shall be corrected and
such portion shall not be covered or concealed until authorized
by the building official.