International Building Code Section 1104


International Building Code 1104.1

Site arrival points. Accessible routes within the site
shall be provided from public transportation stops; accessible
parking; accessible passenger loading zones; and public streets
or sidewalks to the accessible building entrance served.
Exception: Other than in buildings or facilities containing
or serving Type B units, an accessible route shall not be
required between site arrival points and the building or facility
entrance if the only means of access between them is a
vehicular way not providing for pedestrian access.

International Building Code 1104.2

Within a site. At least one accessible route shall connect
accessible buildings, accessible facilities, accessible elements
and accessible spaces that are on the same site.
Exception: An accessible route is not required between
accessible buildings, accessible facilities, accessible elements
and accessible spaces that have, as the only means of
access between them, a vehicular way not providing for
pedestrian access.

International Building Code 1104.3

Connected spaces. When a building or portion of a
building is required to be accessible, an accessible route shall
be provided to each portion of the building, to accessible building
entrances connecting accessible pedestrian walkways and
the public way.
Exception: In assembly areas with fixed seating required to
be accessible, an accessible route shall not be required to
serve fixed seating where wheelchair spaces or designated
aisle seats required to be on an accessible route are not provided.

Employee work areas. Common use circulation
paths within employee work areas shall be accessible
routes.
Exceptions:
1. Common use circulation paths, located within
employee work areas that are less than 300 square
feet (27.9 m2) in size and defined by permanently
installed partitions, counters, casework or furnishings,
shall not be required to be accessible routes.
2. Common use circulation paths, located within
employee work areas, that are an integral component
of equipment, shall not be required to be
accessible routes.
3. Common use circulation paths, located within
exterior employee work areas that are fully
exposed to the weather, shall not be required to be
accessible routes.
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Press boxes. Press boxes in assembly areas shall
be on an accessible route.
Exceptions:
1. An accessible route shall not be required to press
boxes in bleachers that have points of entry at only
one level, provided that the aggregate area of all
press boxes is 500 square feet (46 m2) maximum.
2. An accessible route shall not be required to
free-standing press boxes that are elevated above
grade 12 feet (3660 mm) minimum provided that
the aggregate area of all press boxes is 500 square
feet (46 m2) maximum.

International Building Code 1104.3.1

Employee work areas. Common use circulation
paths within employee work areas shall be accessible
routes.
Exceptions:
1. Common use circulation paths, located within
employee work areas that are less than 300 square
feet (27.9 m2) in size and defined by permanently
installed partitions, counters, casework or furnishings,
shall not be required to be accessible routes.
2. Common use circulation paths, located within
employee work areas, that are an integral component
of equipment, shall not be required to be
accessible routes.
3. Common use circulation paths, located within
exterior employee work areas that are fully
exposed to the weather, shall not be required to be
accessible routes.
236 2006 INTERNATIONAL BUILDING CODE
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International Building Code 1104.3.2

Press boxes. Press boxes in assembly areas shall
be on an accessible route.
Exceptions:
1. An accessible route shall not be required to press
boxes in bleachers that have points of entry at only
one level, provided that the aggregate area of all
press boxes is 500 square feet (46 m2) maximum.
2. An accessible route shall not be required to
free-standing press boxes that are elevated above
grade 12 feet (3660 mm) minimum provided that
the aggregate area of all press boxes is 500 square
feet (46 m2) maximum.

International Building Code 1104.4

Multilevel buildings and facilities. At least one accessible
route shall connect each accessible level, including mezzanines,
in multilevel buildings and facilities.
Exceptions:
1. An accessible route is not required to stories and
mezzanines above and below accessible levels that
have an aggregate area of not more than 3,000
square feet (278.7 m2). This exception shall not
apply to:
1.1. Multiple tenant facilities of GroupMoccupancies
containing five or more tenant
spaces;
1.2. Levels containing offices of health care
providers (Group B or I); or
1.3. Passenger transportation facilities and airports
(Group A-3 or B).
2. In Group A, I, R and S occupancies, levels that do
not contain accessible elements or other spaces
required by Section 1107 or 1108 are not required
to be served by an accessible route from an accessible
level.
3. In air traffic control towers, an accessible route is
not required to serve the cab and the floor immediately
below the cab.
4. Where a two-story building or facility has one
story with an occupant load of five or fewer persons
that does not contain public use space, that
story shall not be required to be connected by an
accessible route to the story above or below.

International Building Code 1104.5

Location. Accessible routes shall coincide with or be
located in the same area as a general circulation path. Where
the circulation path is interior, the accessible route shall also be
interior. Where only one accessible route is provided, the
accessible route shall not pass through kitchens, storage rooms,
restrooms, closets or similar spaces.
Exceptions:
1. Accessible routes from parking garages contained
within and serving Type B dwelling units are not
required to be interior.
2. A single accessible route is permitted to pass through
a kitchen or storage room in an Accessible, Type A or
Type B dwelling unit.

International Building Code 1104.6

Security barriers. Security barriers including, but not
limited to, security bollards and security check points shall not
obstruct a required accessible route or accessible means of
egress.
Exception: Where security barriers incorporate elements
that cannot comply with these requirements, such as certain
metal detectors, fluoroscopes or other similar devices, the
accessible route shall be permitted to be provided adjacent
to security screening devices. The accessible route shall permit
persons with disabilities passing around security barriers
to maintain visual contact with their personal items to the
same extent provided others passing through the security
barrier.