International Building Code 1702.1
General. The following words and terms shall, for the
purposes of this chapter and as used elsewhere in this code,
have the meanings shown herein.
APPROVED AGENCY. An established and recognized
agency regularly engaged in conducting tests or furnishing
inspection services, when such agency has been approved.
APPROVED FABRICATOR. An established and qualified
person, firm or corporation approved by the building official
pursuant to Chapter 17 of this code.
CERTIFICATE OF COMPLIANCE. A certificate stating
that materials and products meet specified standards or that
work was done in compliance with approved construction documents.
DESIGNATED SEISMIC SYSTEM. Those architectural,
electrical and mechanical systems and their components that
require design in accordance with Chapter 13 of ASCE 7 and
for which the component importance factor, Ip, is greater than 1
in accordance with Section 13.1.3 of ASCE 7.
FABRICATED ITEM. Structural, load-bearing or lateral
load-resisting assemblies consisting of materials assembled
prior to installation in a building or structure or subjected to
operations such as heat treatment, thermal cutting, cold working
or reforming after manufacture and prior to installation in a
building or structure. Materials produced in accordance with
standard specifications referenced by this code, such as rolled
structural steel shapes, steel-reinforcing bars, masonry units
and wood structural panels shall not be considered “fabricated
INSPECTIONCERTIFICATE. An identification applied on
a product by an approved agency containing the name of the
manufacturer, the function and performance characteristics,
and the name and identification of an approved agency that
indicates that the product or material has been inspected and
evaluated by an approved agency (see Section 1703.5 and
“Label,” “Manufacturer’s designation” and “Mark”).
LABEL. An identification applied on a product by the manufacturer
that contains the name of the manufacturer, the function
and performance characteristics of the product or material,
and the name and identification of an approved agency and that
indicates that the representative sample of the product or material
has been tested and evaluated by an approved agency (see
Section 1703.5 and “Inspection certificate,” “Manufacturer’s
designation” and “Mark”).
MAIN WIND-FORCE-RESISTING SYSTEM. An assemblage
of structural elements assigned to provide support and
stability for the overall structure. The system generally
receives wind loading from more than one surface.
MANUFACTURER’S DESIGNATION. An identification
applied on a product by the manufacturer indicating that a
product or material complies with a specified standard or set of
rules (see also “Inspection certificate,” “Label” and “Mark”).
MARK. An identification applied on a product by the manufacturer
indicating the name of the manufacturer and the function
of a product or material (see also “Inspection certificate,”
“Label” and “Manufacturer’s designation”).
SPECIAL INSPECTION. Inspection as herein required of
the materials, installation, fabrication, erection or placement of
components and connections requiring special expertise to
ensure compliance with approved construction documents and
referenced standards (see Section 1704).
SPECIAL INSPECTION, CONTINUOUS. The full-time
observation of work requiring special inspection by an
approved special inspector who is present in the area where the
work is being performed.
SPECIAL INSPECTION, PERIODIC. The part-time or
intermittent observation of work requiring special inspection
by an approved special inspector who is present in the area
where the work has been or is being performed and at the completion
of the work.
SPRAYED FIRE-RESISTANT MATERIALS.
Cementitious or fibrous materials that are spray applied to provide
fire-resistant protection of the substrates.
STRUCTURAL OBSERVATION. The visual observation of
the structural system by a registered design professional for
general conformance to the approved construction documents
at significant construction stages and at completion of the
structural system. Structural observation does not include or
waive the responsibility for the inspection required by Section
109, 1704 or other sections of this code.